Glossary – H
Habit reversal training is a “multicomponent behavioral treatment package originally developed to address a wide variety of repetitive behavior disorders. Habit reversal is used to treat individual’s suffering from Tourette’s syndrome, as well as individuals who struggle with impulse control behaviors such as, hair pulling, or pathological skin picking.
While this type of training was originally used to correct repetitive behavior disorders, habit reversal training has also become an invaluable tool in treating negative behaviors in troubled teens. Using Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, the most advanced residential treatment assists troubled teens in reversing their problematic behaviors and learned habits. A habit is a behavior, positive or negative, that is repeated continuously over an extended amount of time. Positive habits are often times difficult to develop and requires a certain amount of diligence and discipline from an individual.
Contrary to good habits, bad habits are much easier to establish and are developed when an individual lacks discipline. Unfortunately, it is much more difficult to break bad habits. Furthermore, if bad habits are left uncontrolled, they can easily destroy a young person’s life. It is for this reason that habit reversal is a crucial and formidable tool in treating out of control troubled teens.
literally, having characteristics that encourage customary or regular use. The term also includes use of a drug in a way that implies that the drug has substantial dependence potential; ‘habit-forming” however, is more colloquial and sounds less threatening, and is therefore used, for instance, on pharmaceutical warning labels.
becoming accustomed to any behavior or condition, including psychoactive substance use. In the context of drugs, the term has overtones of dependence.
often, a place of residence that acts as an intermediate stage between an inpatient or residential therapeutic program and fully independent living in the community. The term applies to accommodation for alcohol- or drug-dependent individuals endeavoring to maintain their sobriety.
perception of objects or experience of sensations with no real external cause. Can be auditory, visual, etc.
a drug that causes hallucinations (profound distortions in a person’s perceptions of reality). Under the influence of hallucinogens, people see images, hear sounds, and feel sensations that seem real but do not exist. Some hallucinogens also produce rapid, intense emotional swings. Hallucinogens cause their effects by disrupting the interaction of nerve cells and the neurotransmitter serotonin. Distributed throughout the brain and spinal cord, the serotonin system is involved in the control of behavioral, perceptual, and regulatory systems, including mood, hunger, body temperature, sexual behavior, muscle control, and sensory perception.
a drug that induces hallucinations. Hallucinogens have been used for insight therapy in psychotherapy but this has been restricted or even banned by legislation See also: hallucinogenic plant
any one of a wide variety of plant materials, containing hallucinogens, which are used traditionally by indigenous peoples for a variety of purposes: euphoria, sociability, relief of distress, as a medicine, or to induce visions. Some plants are used, particularly by Central and South American Indians, within a ritual context to produce hallucinations. It has been reported that these plants are becoming fashionable among urbanized and educated experimenters, who may mix one or other of them with alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, or other psychoactive substance and may experience severe reactions.
a disorder consisting of persistent or recurrent hallucinations, usually visual or auditory, that occur in clear consciousness and that the individual may or may not recognize as unreal. Delusional elaboration of the hallucinations may occur, but delusions do not dominate the clinical picture. See also: psychotic disorder, alcohol- or drug-induced
a post-intoxication state comprising the immediate after-effects of drinking alcoholic beverages in excess. Non-ethanol components of alcoholic beverages may be involved in the etiology. Physical features may include fatigue, headache, thirst, vertigo, gastric disorder, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, fine tremors of the hands, and raised or lowered blood sugar. Psychological symptoms include acute anxiety, guilt, depression, irritability, and extreme sensitivity. The amount of alcohol needed to produce hangover varies with the mental and physical condition of the individual, although generally the higher the blood alcohol level during the period of intoxication, the more intense the subsequent symptoms. The symptoms vary also with social attitude. Hangover usually lasts no more than 36 hours after all traces of alcohol have left the system. Some of the symptoms of hangover are similar to those of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome, but the term “hangover” is usually reserved for the after-effects of a single drinking episode and does not necessarily imply any other alcohol use disorder
a pattern of psychoactive substance use that is causing damage to health. The damage may be physical (e.g. hepatitis following injection of drugs) or mental (e.g. depressive episodes secondary to heavy alcohol intake). Harmful use commonly, but not invariably, has adverse social consequences; social consequences in themselves, however, are not sufficient to justify a diagnosis of harmful use.
a pattern of substance use that increases the risk of harmful consequences for the user. Some would limit the consequences to physical and mental health (as in harmful use); some would also include social consequences. In contrast to harmful use, hazardous use refers to patters of use that are of public health significance despite the absence of any current disorder in the individual user.
Healthy behavior is any action a person acts that promotes positive psychological, physical and personal ramifications. By acting on healthy behaviors, an individual is more likely to live a happy, successful and fruitful lifestyle.
There are nearly countless healthy behaviors a person choose to act on. Healthy behaviors consist of actions such as eating a well-balanced diet, exercising, working hard on the job, or studying diligently in academics.. By displaying actions such as these, a person lives a balanced lifestyle. Additionally, a person who acts on healthy behaviors is more likely to have psychological stability, and less liable to struggle from an emotional disorder.
On the contrary, individuals who choose to act on negative, unhealthy behaviors, are likely to develop behaviorally and psychological ailments, such as depression or anxiety disorder. In conclusion, it is imperative to act on healthy behaviors as opposed to negative, unhealthy conduct. Moreover, choices of today significantly affect the outcomes of tomorrow.
semisynthetic drug derived from morphine. Discovered in 1874, it was introduced commercially in 1898 by the Bayer company in Germany. The name heroin was coined from the German heroisch meaning heroic, strong. Heroin is stronger (more potent) than morphine.