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    Glossary

    Glossary – F

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    Failure to launch
    Failure to launch syndrome is an unofficial name for a common problem seen among young adults. In short, it can be defined as the inability, either from desire or lack of preparation, to leave home and begin a journey toward self-supported life.

    Young adults who suffer from failure to launch syndrome may show the following characteristics: low tolerance for distress, low levels of motivation, low levels of persistence, failure to take responsibility when appropriate, narcissism, high expectations of others without reciprocating, lack of vision for the future or long term goals, and lack of skills needed for adulthood, like basic cooking and cleaning skills.

    The reasons for young adults failing to launch are countless and generally cannot be pinned on one factor. Reasons may include: our nation’s weak economy, a failing or unsuccessful run at college, laziness, drug and or alcohol addiction, or parenting factors such as parents who are overbearing or overprotective.

    Family support
    Family support refers to a families ability to support and assist each other in overcoming adversity. Family support proves to be a fundamental factor in the therapeutic, behavioral and emotional restoration of a troubled teen.

    During adolescence, a teenage son or daughter may stray from the path, so to speak, while simultaneously ignoring the love and support from family members. Consequently, teens alienate themselves from their families. Feeling estranged from loved ones, adolescents may then display out of control behaviors. A teen such as this, is often stigmatized as a troubled teen, or troubled adolescent.

    As frustrating and daunting it may be at times, it is crucial for family members to support a troubled teenage boy or girl during this time of need. During this, often tumultuous and chaotic venture, it is vital for parents to not fall victim to helplessness, but instead, support their child by locating therapeutic treatment, as this will lead to promoting therapeutic wellness within the troubled child.

    Family therapy
    Family therapy is a type of psychotherapy that psychologically treats families, encouraging them to undergo a productive change in dynamic. Moreover, family therapy is exclusively conducted under the supervision of a professional, credited psychotherapist.

    Family therapy was created to address issues plague the dynamic of family members. Problems with communications are mainly at fault when issues among family member arise. Family therapy sessions are designed to help family members communicate with one another in a proactive and effective manner.

    Family therapy also addresses underlying issuers that may be beneath the surface in a family’s dynamic. By identifying these underlying issues, a family therapist is able to pinpoint family members issues and further eradicate the problem at its source.

    Fatty liver
    a condition in which fat deposits accumulate in the liver as a result of chronic alcohol abuse.

    Fentanyl
    a chemical derivative of thebaine, used as a prescription painkiller. The street name for fentanyl and related compounds is China White.

    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
    a pattern of retarded growth and development, both mental and physical, with cranial, facial, lilmb, and cardiovascular defects, found in some children of mothers whose alcohol consumption during pregnancy can be classed as hazardous. The most common abnormalities are: prenatal and postnatal growth deficiency, microcephaly, developmental delay or mental retardation, short palpebral fissures, a short upturned nose with sunken nasal bridge and a thin upper lip, abnormal palmar creases, and cardiac (especially septal) defects. Many other more subtle abnormalities have also been attributed to the effects of alcohol on the fetus (fetal alcohol effects, FAE), but there is controversy regarding the level of maternal consumption that produces such effects.

    Fetal Drug Syndrome (FDS)
    a pattern of developmental birth defects characterized by low birth weight, growth retardation, premature delivery, or spontaneous abortion, and withdrawal symptoms for the neonate: seen in babies of drug abusing mothers.

    Flashbacks
    post-hallucinogenic perception disorder, a spontaneous recurrence of the visual distortions, physical symptoms, loss of ego boundaries, or intense emotions that occurred when the individual ingested hallucinogens in the past. Flashbacks are episodic, of short duration (seconds to hours), and may duplicate exactly the symptoms of previous hallucinogen episodes. They may be precipitated by fatigue, alcohol intake, or marijuana intoxication. Post- hallucinogenic flashbacks are relatively common, and have also been reported for coca paste smokers.

    Free-base cocaine
    a smokable form of cocaine

    Functional tolerance
    a state in which a chronic alcohol abuser learns to function under the influence of alcohol. The impairment normally associated with performing a familiar task is reduced, but the ability to perform an unfamiliar task remains impaired.

    Fundamental skills
    Commonly, modern psychology, defines fundamental skills as the ability needed to perform a task or understand an idea. Also, the basic abilities necessary to function competently in society. Skills are reading, writing, mathematics and communication.
    Fundamental skills are rudimentary abilities essential for living a basic, functioning life.

    Fundamental, of course, describes the bare essentials of an entity. Without a fundamental foundation, nothing can come to fruition. Furthermore, without fundamental, rudimentary skills, an individual cannot effectively navigate through life, as they lack the basic abilities to do so.

    Troubled teens will sometimes struggle, because they lack certain fundamental skills, making it impossible to achieve any type of substantial success. Troubled tees who lack the fundamental abilities to accurately control their emotions, abstain from acting on impulse, or even adhering to society’s most reasonable boundaries, are living a dangerous, chaotic lifestyle. If left unchecked, this lifestyle will ultimately result in utter destruction, or at best, unwavering mediocrity.

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